Frequently Asked Questions

What is Tri-Acta and Tri-Acta H.A?

Tri-Acta and Tri-Acta H.A are premium supplements for the prevention and treatment of problems associated with joints, bone, muscles, tendons, and ligaments. Tri-Acta is the maintenance formula and consists of Glucosamine, Chondroitin, MSM. Tri-Acta H.A is the maximum strength formula. It has the added benefit of Hyaluronic Acid.

What does Glucosamine, Chondroitin, MSM and Hyaluronic Acid do?

Hyaluronic Acid
Hyaluronic Acid is a naturally occurring substance found in connective tissue such as cartilage, bone, skin, and body fluids. Hyaluronic Acid increases the viscosity and supply of synovial fluid (joint fluid) in articulating joints. Through joint lubrication, nutrients are swept into the cartilage and toxins are carried out. Hyaluronic Acid keeps cartilage strong and flexible and provides a shock absorbing effect.

Glucosamine is a naturally occurring substance in any animal’s body and is a fundamental building block necessary for the synthesis of key joint structures, including cartilage and joint fluid. It provides structure to the bone and cartilage as well as other tissues and is one of the biological chemicals that form the major cushioning ingredients of a joint’s synovial fluid.

Glucosamine leads to the repair and reproduction of healthy cartilage by stimulating the production of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and proteoglycans, core components of cartilage. Glucosamine is bioavailable and when used as a dietary supplement, it is absorbed daily, lubricating and nourishing the cartilage cells and in turn producing new healthy cartilage cells.

Chondroitin Sulphate
Chondroitin sulfate consists of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), glucuronic acid and galactosamine. The structure of the cartilage matrix allows chondroitin to contribute to joint lubrication by helping to sweep nutrients into the cartilage. The presence of chondroitin, along with collagen enables the cartilage to provide a tough, wear-resistant, weight-bearing surface with shock absorbing effects. Chondroitin also inhibits and neutralizes destructive enzymes in the joint, preventing the breakdown of cartilage. Chondroitin is bioavailable and safely alleviates symptoms of degenerative joint disease.

MSM (Methylsulfonylmethane):
MSM is a healthy and safe dietary supplement that provides sulfur, which is required to utilize vitamins and amino acids needed for healthy cartilage, ligaments, tendons, heart valves and all connective tissue. It helps the body form a strong collagen matrix helps animals move more freely and easily, particularly in cases of soft tissue injury. MSM also relieves swelling, inflammation and pain.

How do glucosamine and chondroitin work?

Cartilage consists of several different cells; one of which is chondrocytes. Chondrocytes are responsible for synthesizing new cartilage. Through normal wear, cartilage is constantly being broken down and replaced. Glucosamine provides the building blocks to synthesize new cartilage. It is necessary for the production of a substance called glycosaminoglycans. The glycosaminoglycans are combined with hyaluronic acid to make the substance proteoglycans. The proteoglycans and collagen are the main structures of cartilage.

In short, Glucosamine is a building block for cartilage. Glucosamine produces glycosaminoglycans. Glycosaminoglycans make proteoglycans. Proteoglycans are one of the main structures of cartilage.

How it works

Chondroitin is also necessary for the synthesis of glycosaminoglycans. But more importantly, it inhibits and neutralizes destructive enzymes in the joint. While destructive enzymes are always present in the joint to some degree,  when injury or abnormal wear occurs, there is an increased presence and cartilage destruction is accelerated.

Why is supplementation important?

Most pet owners don’t think about joint supplements until they notice signs of pain or decreased mobility. However, it is estimated that 1 in 5 dogs one year and older already have some degree of osteoarthritis and 9 in 10 older dogs have the condition. Pets are also very good at hiding pain and the onset of osteoarthritis is slow. By the time you notice the signs, your pet has already been experiencing joint degeneration. In fact, deterioration of joint cartilage occurs naturally as the body ages because the body’s ability to produce glucosamine, chondroitin, and MSM slows down.

The increased longevity of our canine companions also plays a role in this. While dogs in the wild live on average 4-5 years, domestic dogs are now living between 10-15 years. Being proactive can prevent or significantly delay what would otherwise happen naturally as the animal ages.

For dogs that are still growing it is important to ensure the joints and bones develop properly. Hip dysplasia is often the result of improper development of the joints during maturation. A proactive approach can decrease the likelihood of hip and joint complications in a pets later years. Using Tri-Acta Regular Strength on a daily basis at a young age will prevent or significantly reduce the effects and severity of joint deterioration, osteoarthritis and dysplasia as an animal ages.

Animals that are at later stages in the progression of osteoarthritis or hip dysplasia or have experienced injury, trauma, or surgery require higher levels of glucosamine, chondroitin, MSM, and hyaluronic acid than their bodies can produce. Tri-Acta and Tri-Acta H.A. provide therapeutic levels of these ingredients to ensure pain is reduced and the cartilage matrix is being repaired.

My dog food contains glucosamine, do I need to supplement?

It certainly won’t hurt using a pet food with glucosamine. However, in order for glucosamine to have any therapeutic or preventative value, your pet requires on average, roughly 18-20mg of glucosamine per pound of body weight. This means a 50 pound dog needs about 900-1000 mg of glucosamine daily. The amount of glucosamine in pet foods is significantly less than what is actually needed.  You would need to feed several kilos of kibble per day and still wouldn’t get close to the minimal required level of glucosamine. A comprehensive and complete approach to joint supplementation with Tri-Acta is a proactive approach that will ensure the deterioration of your dogs joints is prevented or significantly reduced. For dogs that already exhibit signs of joint discomfort, Tri-Acta H.A will treat the symptoms, repair damaged cartilage, and work toward preventing cartilage from further deteriorating.

Why do Tri-Acta products contain 2 types of glucosamine?

Research shows that both Glucosamine Sulfate and Glucosamine Hydrochloride are extremely effective for joint care. However, there are unique advantages to both forms. The hydrochloride form of glucosamine is more concentrated than the sulphate form because it is naturally stable.  This means it is slightly more absorbable. The sulphur component of glucosamine sulphate, on the other hand, is critical because sulfur is an essential nutrient for joint tissue and is needed by the body to produce cartilage. Tri-Acta uses both forms to ensure all the advantages that glucosamine has to offer are available. Tri-Acta formulas are highly absorbable and provide all the essential nutrients for healthy joint function.

What makes Tri-Acta products better?

Tri-Acta products contain 100% active ingredient – No Filler! The formulas use pure and natural forms of glucosamine, chondroitin,  MSM, and hyaluronic acid at therapeutic dosages. Because they are concentrates, the dosages are small, making the product easy to administer and great value. (300g container is a 300 day supply  for a small dog at 20 cents a day!). Many other joint supplements contain between 50-90% inactive ingredient and only use sub-therapeutic levels of active ingredients. Tri-Acta products use both Sulphate and Hydrochloride forms of glucosamine to ensure all benefits of glucosamine are available. Additionally, Tri-Acta ingredients are pharmaceutical grade and backed with certificates of analysis. All Tri-Acta products have Health Canada—Low Risk Veterinary Health Product designation (LRVHP, Health Canada approved). Because the contents and quality are regulated, consumers can feel confident that they are getting what is stated on the label. There are no adverse side effects with Tri-Acta products.

Which formula do I choose?

We recommend the Tri-Acta H.A formula for mature animals and/or animals with osteoarthritis, hip dysplasia, recovering from surgery, or experiencing significant pain and/or immobility. Tri-Acta H.A can also be used as a preventative supplement for very active dogs and sporting dogs under a heavier workload.

Tri-Acta Regular Strength can also be used for recovery/therapeutic purposes, although it is more  commonly used as a preventative approach for optimal joint health and for younger animals that have not already shown signs of decreased mobility or are just starting to.

My dog is using NSAID’s. Can I use Tri-Acta?

Tri-Acta can be used in conjunction with NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs) or as an alternative.

NSAIDs are often prescribed to treat pain associated with conditions such as arthritis, degenerative joint disease, and dysplasia. While NSAIDs reduce pain and inflammation, they do not actively repair the cartilage matrix, including proteoglycans and collagen. Because they mask pain without addressing the cause, animals can easily further damage their joints worsening their condition.  Additionally, there are several side effects of NSAIDs including stomach ulceration, intestinal bleeding, vomiting, loss of appetite, loss of kidney function/failure. Some of these side effects can assume life threatening proportions. NSAIDs work by blocking the production of prostaglandins (hormonelike substances that can trigger inflammation). But blocking these inflammation-promoting prostaglandins is also the source of NSAIDs side effects. Prostaglandins play other roles in the body. For example, they are needed to control the secretion of gastric juices and mucus that serve as stomach lining. This is why NSAIDs are linked to ulcers and even life threatening gastric bleeding. Additionally, although NSAIDs suppress symptoms, they also speed up the progression of the disease.

Tri-Acta is a safer, more effective alternative with none of the side effects. Tri-Acta not only reduces inflammation and pain, it also actively repairs the cartilage and prevents further breakdown halting the progress of the disease. If your vet has prescribed NSAIDs for pain relief, you could use Tri-Acta in conjunction with it, using the NSAIDs only as needed.